Researchers followed more than 4,500 women who had a history of gestational diabetes over 25 years. Those who downed 4 or more cups a day had a 53% lower risk of type 2 diabetes. Replacing sweetened beverages with caffeinated coffee reduced diabetes risk by 10%. Researchers say coffee could be beneficial because of its bioactive components.
According to experts at the National University of Singapore’s Global Centre for Asian Women’s Health (GloW), women who had gestational diabetes may be 10 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than the overall female population.
“The overall findings indicate that caffeinated coffee, when used appropriately [2 to 5 cups per day, without sugar and whole-fat/high-fat dairy], might be incorporated into a relatively healthy lifestyle for a particular group,” GloW researcher Cuilin Zhang stated in a university news statement.
Developing Diabetes After Pregnancy
Previous research found that drinking 2 to 5 cups of caffeinated or decaf coffee daily was better than drinking artificially or sugar-sweetened beverages.
To find out more, researchers tracked over 4,500 women with a history of gestational diabetes for 25 years, looking at long-term coffee intake and risk. The majority of the participants were Caucasian.
Those who drank 4 or more cups of coffee per day after their pregnancies had a 53% decreased risk of type 2 diabetes when compared to those who drank none. According to the study, individuals who drank 2 to 3 cups reduced their risk by 17%, while those who drank 1 cup or less reduced their risk by 10%.
Decaf did not have the same advantages. However, researchers highlighted that it was consumed by a small number of women, which might explain why no correlation was found.
Researchers also discovered that substituting sweetened beverages with caffeinated coffee lowered the incidence of type 2 diabetes by 10% for artificially sweetened beverages and 17% for sugar-sweetened beverages.
Coffee, according to the researchers, may be advantageous due to its bioactive components, such as polyphenols, which are naturally occurring plant micronutrients. Plants and some foods, such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, oils, and whole grains, contain trace levels of these.
“The positive benefits of coffee have continuously been indicated across many ethnicities, including Asians,” Zhang said, adding that brewing techniques, drinking frequency, and additional coffee condiments all have a role.
She believes that further research is needed to investigate the relationship between coffee drinking and health effects.
Researchers emphasised that excessive coffee consumption may be harmful, particularly in specific individuals. According to the researchers, little is known about the effects of coffee on pregnancy, foetuses, and children.
“While coffee appears to be a potentially healthier alternative to sweetened beverages, the health benefits of coffee vary and are heavily dependent on the type and amount of condiments, such as sugar and milk, that you add to your coffee,” said first author Jiaxi Yang, a postdoctoral research fellow at GloW.
The report was co-authored by researchers from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and the National Institutes of Health in the United States.
The findings were published recently in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
Increased thirst, frequent urination, hunger, weariness, and impaired vision are among symptoms. There may be no symptoms in certain situations.
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